Annelies Marie Frank was a German-born diarist and writer. She is one of the most discussed Jewish victims of the Holocaust. Her diary, The Diary of a Young Girl, which documents her life in hiding during the German occupation of the Netherlands in World War II, is one of the world's most widely known books and has been the basis for several plays and films.
The Frank family moved from Germany to Amsterdam in the early 1930s when the Nazis gained control over Germany. As persecutions of the Jewish population increased during WWII, the family went into hiding in some concealed rooms behind a bookcase in the building where Anne's father worked.